Communities now have new powers to shape development through Neighbourhood Planning, a new right introduced through the Localism Act 2011.
It allows communities to prepare:
- Neighbourhood Development Plans;
- Neighbourhood Development Orders; and
- Community Right to Build Orders.
Who can undertake Neighbourhood Planning?
If there’s a parish or town council, that is the only body that can lead on neighbourhood planning. If there isn’t a parish or town council, then a community group known as a neighbourhood forum needs to be established to lead the process. The Localism Act recognises that not all communities are residential in nature and in non-parished areas that are predominately commercial a business-led neighbourhood forum can be established.
An application form for the designation of a neighbourhood forum is available to download from the Downloads section on the right hand side of this page
The parish or town council, or neighbourhood forum, needs to apply to their local council to have an area designated as a neighbourhood area. This will then become the area where neighbourhood development orders apply. An application form for the designation of a neighbourhood area is available to download from the Downloads section on the right hand side of this page
The preparation of a Community Right to Build order is a slightly different process in that it requires the formation of a constituted community group rather than a neighbourhood forum. Parish and town councils can also lead on Community Right to Build Orders.
A Neighbourhood Development Plan sets out the policies against which planning applications are assessed. Neighbourhood Development Plans will become part of the development plan for the area, which means that the policies and proposals contained within them will be used in the determination of planning applications, including appeals. A neighbourhood plan should support the strategic development needs set out in the Local Plan and plan positively to support local development.
A Neighbourhood Development Order can grant planning permission for specified developments in a neighbourhood area. Once established there would be no need for anyone to apply to the council for planning permission if it is for the type of development covered by the order.
A Community Right to Build Order is a type of Neighbourhood Development Order in that it grants planning permission for types of development that communities want to see in their area. As well as housing, this includes other amenities for the benefit of local people such as a community building or playground.
Neighbourhood Plans in Burnley
Worsthorne with Hurstwood
Worsthorne with Hurstwood Parish Council submitted a formal written notification to Burnley Council stating its intention to prepare a Neighbourhood Plan.
On Friday 31st March 2017, the Head of Regeneration and Planning Policy approved the application for the Parish Council area for Worsthorne with Hurstwood to be designated as a Neighbourhood Area for the purposes of Neighbourhood Planning. The Parish Council can now start the formal process of preparing a Neighbourhood Plan. Further details can be found on the Worsthorne with Hurstwood Neighbourhood Plan page
Neighbourhood Planning Guidance
Simplified and accessible national planning practice guidance is now available through this online resource. It includes a section on neighbourhood planning.
The government intends that the user friendly format will make planning guidance more accessible and will make it easier to keep up to date.
How to set up a neighbourhood forum: Putting the pieces together.
Planning Aid have prepared a guide to assist groups in setting up their neighbourhood forum. This guide is available to download from the Downloads section on the right hand side of this page.
How to designate a neighbourhood area: Putting the pieces together.
Planning Aid have prepared a guide to assist groups in designating their neighbourhood area. This guide is available to download from the Downloads section on the right hand side of this page.
Neighbourhood plans: Campaign to Protect Rural England